Module 4: Questionnaire 1

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On this page you will find from module 4:

Assignment on the types of policy responses on the issue of plastic bags

For this assignment we selected a range of policy responses that are currently taken in different parts of the world to reduce the problem of plastic litter or could be taken (Axelsson & van Sebille, 2017; Mendenhall, 2018; Nielsen, Hasselbalch, Holmberg, & Stripple, 2020; Vince & Hardesty, 2017). For each policy response to the issue of plastic bags, you are asked to indicate what type of policy instrument is used: juridical, economical or communicational. Furthermore you are asked what the limitation is for each policy response to realise oceans and rivers without plastic litter.

Results

#1. 1. This policy response is focussing on: ? (more options possible)

Select all that apply:

The correct answers are A & B.

This policy response is focused on both the usage of plastic and the production.

#2. 2. This is an example of a policy response using a(n):

The correct answer is A.

The ban on plastic bags in Rwanda is an example of a juridical instrument.

#3. 3. Indicate what the limitation is of this policy response.

Multiple answers are correct, example answer:

There are several limitations. One of the limitations of this legislation is the enforcement on often very poor people who get involved in the smuggling of plastic bags. The result of the ban is a clear reduction of plastic litter in the street views of Rwanda

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#4. 4. This policy response is focussing on: ? (more options possible)

Select all that apply:

The correct answers are B & C.

This policy response is focused on the usage of plastic and the waste disposal.

#5. 5. This is an example of a policy response using a(n):

The correct answer is C.

A warning message on single-use plastic is an example of a communicational instrument.

#6. 6. Indicate what the limitation is of this policy response.

Multiple answers are correct, example answer:

One of the limitations of this communication strategy is that people not interested in the message will ignore it, similar as smokers do with the warnings on cigarettes, furthermore you can expect resistance from the producers of these products.

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#7. 7. This policy response is focussing on: ? (more options possible)

Select all that apply:

The correct answers are B & C.

This policy response is focused on the usage of plastic and the waste disposal.

#8. 8. This is an example of a policy response using a(n): ? (more options possible)

Select all that apply:

The correct answers are A & B.

The ban on free plastic bags is an example of a juridical instrument and an economic instrument. The ban to give away free bags is juridical, the way people are influenced is economical through a small charge for plastic bags.

#9. 9. Indicate what the limitation is of this policy response.

Multiple answers are correct, example answer:

The limitation of this response is that the charge for the plastic bags can still be very low, which will not prevent consumers buying the bags. Furthermore with a specific focus on plastic bags the broader problem of plastic is not addressed, such as over consumption of all the products that are transported in such plastic bags.

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